Darriea has worked and been a volunteered in health and welfare industry for over thirty years. In 1995 with a young family she was elected to the Broken Hill City Council. Since been elected Darriea has been involved with and initiated various groups including founder of the Broken Hill Youth Advisory Committee, founding member of the Barrier Environmental Committee and Broken Hill Outback Jazz Committee.
Darriea has served on numerous local and state and national boards and was the former Chair of the National Rural Women’s Coalition, Vice Chair of the State Records NSW and is currently the National President of the Australian Local Government Women’s Association. Darriea is the Manager for Community Engagement for the Greater Western Area Health Service.
Darriea is also active and a member of;
· Premier Council for Women NSW
· Vice Chairs, Regional Development Australia- Far West
· Chairs, Broken Hill Regional Art Gallery
· Chairs, Tidy Towns Committee Broken Hill
· Member Broken Hill Sister City Committee
In 2008, she was nominated as New South Wales Woman of the Year in 2008 and named Broken Hill Executive Woman of the Year in the same year. Darriea is a graduate of the Australian Rural Leadership Program.
Darriea is both proud and honoured to serve women of rural Australia.
Commentaries by Darriea Turley:
Current key issues for women in rural Australia: What Rural Women Want
About one-third of all Australian women live in rural areas. We are not a special minority group – we are a basic component of the Australian population, and one which makes a very significant contribution to its economy. The demarcation between rural and urban women in Australia should be about geography not disadvantage. The difference lies in the distribution of the resources and opportunities.
We know what rural communities want and we are happy to help and advise all those who support sustainable regional development and social equity. This document outlines 9 practical ways in which they can begin to do just that.
1. Rural proofing is a process of checking the effect that all policies and programs could have on rural communities. It ensures that their implementation strategies are practicable in rural areas that the particular needs of people in rural areas are not overlooked and that policies and programs will not have an unintended negative impact on people who live outside metropolitan areas. Nearly one-third of our population lives in a regional, rural or remote area, but a metropolitan mindset dominates political decision making in spite of the disproportionate contribution non-metropolitan Australia makes to our national economy. Nor are those of us who live in the country all miners or farmers – we also run the businesses, provide the professional services and keep regional centres and rural communities running by our paid and volunteer work. This work is often done without the resources, services and infrastructure that are taken for granted in major cities. The United Kingdom and New Zealand Rural have both introduced rural proofing and developed toolkits as part of best practice in policy development.
Rural women want a unit responsible for rural proofing established at a high level in the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet.
2. More rural women accessing university education that prepares them for the health care professions. As the Bradley Review and other reports[ 1] show, people from non-metropolitan Australia take up university education at significantly lower rates than those from urban areas, although those who do apply from rural Australia are at least as likely to gain a place. At the same time, there is an urgent need for more health care professionals to work in rural areas. The health workforce is predominant female and research indicates that rural origin is a major factor in taking up country practice. Most regional universities offer courses in one or more of the health care professions, yet a number of these universities are unable to fill their places in these courses. The NRWC believes that specially targeted strategies are needed to ensure women get their fair share of the new opportunities offered through recent funding initiatives.
Rural Women want exemption from HECS payments for all rural women studying for a degree in any health care profession at a regional university.
3. A Youth Allowance scheme that supports all students. The NRWC worked closely with government and advocacy groups to develop modifications to the Youth Allowance Scheme that will benefit students all over the country. However, some further changes are needed so the currently arbitrary geographic boundaries in Outer Regional areas are more consistent and more equitable. A second major area of concern involves family asset and income testing. While the recently announced higher income thresholds are welcome, they still do not take into account the financial position in many rural, regional and remote families that are more likely than their urban counterparts to be asset rich and cash poor. We need a more nuanced set of criteria based on a range of current data that reflects the real financial position of non-metropolitan families.
Rural women want a more insightful and detailed asset test regime to be developed to establish the eligibility of rural families for the Youth Allowance.
4. Urgent implementation of recommended strategies to diminish the impact of violence against women and children in rural areas. Rates of violence against women are higher in rural and urban areas and indigenous women are 35 times more likely to suffer family violence than other Australian women. Numerous reports have come up with horrifying data, but many have also shown how some communities have developed practical ways of diminishing both the incidence and impact of interpersonal violence. It may be more difficult to apply some of the principles in the National Plan to Reduce Violence against Women and their Children to the diverse conditions on rural Australia, but it is imperative that this begins now, particularly in the areas of community education and local safety provisions.
Rural women want priority attention given to training and support for all rural health, law enforcement and teaching professionals to enhance their capacity for appropriate recognition, assessment and referral in cases of sexual and interpersonal violence and their participation the design of local strategies to increase the safety of women and children.
5. Better transport. In 2007 the NRWC’s priority consultation project asked rural women across the country about their transport needs. Our report to the Office for Women, Transport: the fabric of rural & regional Australia[ 2] emphasized that access to all services – health, education, professional and commercial - depends on affordable and reliable transport. There are reports from drought stricken areas that some families have been unable to afford the fuel to get their children to the point where they can be picked up by the school bus. So the acknowledged lack of public transport, the high cost of fuel and the poor state of the roads are major impediments to individual health, community sustainability and regional development. The problem is compounded by communications infrastructure that is often unreliable and usually expensive and the economic impact of drought and other natural disasters and fluctuations within particular rural industries.
Rural women want subsidise fuel for those who live and work in areas where public transport is not available.
6. A decent national Patient Assisted Travel Scheme. We understand that all the health care and services a rural people may need from time to time can’t always be available locally. We are told that patient assisted travel schemes are there so we can access them in the cities. We held out hopes that the recommendations of the 2007 Senate Inquiry and the 2008 National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission would lead to a nationally consistent system of support generous enough to be meaningful and flexible enough to cover not only acute care but also preventive care like screening programs and routine ante- and postnatal care. Yet the old “Blame Game” continues, characterized by ludicrously inadequate subsidies and unrealistic restrictions. The reform of the health care system will be incomplete until local services are complemented by effective ways to ensure rural people have equitable access to the services they need. Improved outreach services will help, but they won’t cover everything.
Rural women want a patient travel scheme that provides a reasonable contribution to the cost of their accessing acute and routine health care.
7. Local maternity care. Many small rural hospitals have lost their maternity units over the last 15 years. Despite repeated calls for decisions based on objective and comprehensive community impact statements, closures often seem arbitrary and more focused on budgetary considerations than health issues. We believe that all women have the right to give birth in their own communities supported by their family, friends and health care providers they know. Only those few mothers who need specialized care should have to relocate to access this, and they should be supported by travel and accommodation schemes that don’t further disadvantage them at a crucial time... The team approach that has long characterized health care in the country should be supported by appropriate funding and the deployment of doctors, midwives and Aboriginal Health Workers in collaborative interdisciplinary networks.
Rural women want local access to at least routine screening and antenatal and postnatal services, in necessary delivered by outreach services provided by appropriately qualified personnel on a regular evidence-based schedule.
8. Health care reform that supports the health and well being of everyone who lives in non-metropolitan Australia. Rural women heartily endorse the current emphasis on prevention and primary health care and applaud plans for local control. However, for us local control does not mean a distant body managing a vast area based on some arbitrary population figure. We mean control and leadership from women and men, community and health care professionals, who know and understand the needs, culture, hopes and resources of a specific area because they live and work there. We recognize that smaller areas may not be able to provide all the administrative structure or clinical services the local community needs, but they could be linked into regional networks that can do so. We also remind government that local control implies that consumers, particularly women who usually carry responsibility for the health and care of their families, should have at least equal input into the way always scarce health resources are allocated.
Rural women want small, manageable Medicare Local and other primary health areas controlled by bodies 50% of whose professional members are women and 50% of whose consumer representatives are also women.
9. A new National Women’s Health Policy to address the needs of Australian women in the 21st century is now overdue. In 2009, The NRWC, and many other women’s organizations, made responded to government’s call for input. Our submission is based on the latest qualitative and quantitative evidence, accepted good practice, consultations with women in regional, rural and remote Australia and our own practical experience as women who live and work in these areas. Our submission[ 3] draws on seven years of consultations with women in regional, rural and remote Australia who understand very well the impact of social and economic conditions on health. Our position is based on the right of rural women to equitable access to the information; services and care they need to maintain and restore their health. We applaud the government’s focus on primary health care and reforms to the health system, but we need a robust women’s health policy to make sure their benefits are realized for rural women.
Rural women want a new women’s health policy that provides a framework to ensure rural woman have equitable access to health services.
4 May, 2010
Better Health Outcomes for the Bush
The aim of the current proposals for the reform of the health care system is to achieve better health outcomes for everyone in Australian a objective that seems sometimes lost in the current political debate. Although some eminent authorities have joined with State politicians is opposing the Commonwealth's proposals, everyone agrees that reform is needed to reduce wasteful duplication and satisfy the growing consumer demand for effective and affordable services. Regional and rural communities in particular want equitable access to these services and they want them as close to where they live as possible.
Of course there are the usual cries for the great panacea - more money. The Prime Minister has certainly become more generous as the need to get State/Territory buy-in became more acute during the COAG negotiations. But it is not the amount of funding, but how it is used, that matters most.
For non-metropolitan communities, the major issue will remain access to services - maternity care, for example. This depends more on an adequate workforce than altered money flows per se. Since its inception, the National Rural Women's Coalition (soon to be Network) (NRWCN) has had a strong focus on this and has recently begun work on a project to work with regional universities to attract more rural women into the health care professions.
The NRWCN vigorously supports more rural training places for health care professionals as well as incentives to attract and retain them in the bush. But current proposals appear to leave employment conditions in the hands of State/Territory authorities. This will not only constrain the ability of local authorities to exercise real autonomy in providing services that meet the needs of their population: it more likely to exacerbate than eradicate the blame game. Only the players will change!
The NRWCN will make sure that 50% of both the professional and consumer representatives on the boards of any new regional health authorities are women. One of the moral hazards of local boards could be relative immunity from the political pressures which do something to maintain gender equity at a State/Territory level.
However, while the NRWCN shares the fond memories many rural communities hold for the hospitals boards they used to have and the social capital local fund raising and support they stimulated, it recognizes that the new entities would be working in a very different environment. Today, few hospitals anywhere, let alone those outside major cities, have the financial, human and technical resources needed to meet the whole range of health services. Integrated regional networks will have to be developed to supply them, and these acute hospital services must be closely linked to primary health care and aged care services. For example, small rural communities that have lost their birthing units to a larger centre must still have antenatal and postnatal care provided locally.
Aware though it is of the high value and socio-economic importance of a hospital to a rural community, the NRWCN believes that a case mix funding model is not suitable for non-metropolitan Australia. It is a hospital focused system which, based as it is on hospital admissions, provides a perverse incentive to favour acute care over community based and primary health care. The need to alleviate the financial pressures on regional and rural hospitals is acknowledged, but this should be done through decreasing demand on hospitals by keeping people healthy. Per capita funding, weighted to reflect distance, higher transport and communication costs, demographic profile and population needs would enable regional authorities to develop integrated primary health services using flexible models to do this. They could use their own internal budgets to provide case mix based funding to the hospitals - quite a different approach to direct case mix funding from the Commonwealth.
The NRWCN also notes the lack of attention to mental health care in the proposals with grave concern. Rates of mental disorders and suicide are higher among young rural women and men than they are in the cities. The paucity of mental health services and health professional trained in mental health in non-metropolitan Australia is well established. The NRWCN hopes that mental health will be a priority under a Commonwealth led primary health care system.